How to build the perfect hi-fi system

How to build the perfect hi-fi system

"It's no good having an orchestra with the ten best guitarists if I don't have a pianist," said former Real Madrid manager Manuel Pellegrini, voicing his frustrations at the challenge of building a squad at the Bernabéu.

It’s an elegant metaphor, whether it’s describing a musical ensemble, a football team or a hi-fi system. In essence, building the perfect hi-fi system is about balance as much as individual quality. The whole should amount to more than, or at the very least equal, the sum of its parts.

But balance is one of those concepts that can be hard to define let alone achieve. While a lot of it boils down to trial and error, there are certain guidelines that will aid and, hopefully, ease your path to sonic enlightenment.

Read on and we'll explain how to assemble the right components and build the perfect hi-fi...

Set a budget

How to build the perfect hi-fi system

The first two questions you need to ask yourself are: what will you be using your system for, and how much are you willing to spend?

The latter relates to the former. It’d perhaps be easiest to begin at the start of the chain – what will you be using as your source?

Each decision will have a knock-on effect: if you play all your music from your smartphone or tablet but still want a traditional hi-fi system, you’ll likely want something with Bluetooth, wi-fi or Apple AirPlay 2 built in.

If you play mostly vinyl, you’ll need to think about whether you want a turntable or stereo amplifier with an integrated phono stage, or will buy the latter separately – a standalone phono stage will ensure greater versatility when upgrading in the future.

And if you've taken on the task of ripping your entire music collection, maybe it's time to retire that CD player and invest in a well-featured music streamer instead?

Make a checklist

It’s probably worth making a checklist of the features you want – such as a headphone output or Bluetooth – and then prioritising the things you need most and those you can do without. That way, your money will go further.

Start with a realistic budget – it'll help you spread your money more evenly. After all, there's no point buying your dream amplifier only to match it with a budget turntable (the flaws of which it’ll emphasise) and a pair of speakers you found by your neighbour’s bin.

There’s more to building the perfect hi-fi system than simply buying components that retail at a similar price, of course, but budgeting properly ought to set you on the right path.

Think about your room

How to build the perfect hi-fi system

You might also have space restrictions. If you haven’t room for multiple components, you’ll need to consider if you can pool certain functions (such as a turntable with built-in phono stage, a ready-made system with amplifier and CD player combined, or active speakers) to reduce the number of boxes in your set-up.

This needn’t affect the quality of your system, and it isn’t a decision that needs be made solely on space, but think carefully about which parts you’re most likely to upgrade – it'll help to future-proof your system.

Choose the right speakers

How to build the perfect hi-fi system

Stereo speakers react differently depending on their position in a room, and on how close they are to each other and to any walls – so the best-sounding pair when listening at a dealership might not be the best-sounding pair when you get them home. 

We always recommend measuring the dimensions of your room when it comes to choosing the right speakers. Don’t be blasé when it comes to positioning – they’re likely to come with a manual with the manufacturer’s suggestions for placement. That said, there’s nothing like experimenting with a keen ear so go with your gut. To help, here are some of the best songs to test your speakers.

Here's our three-part comprehensive on choosing and setting up speakers:

Consider all options

How to build the perfect hi-fi system

Of course, you may not be building the perfect hi-fi system from scratch. Perhaps you already have one or more elements?

We often make the point that you shouldn’t dismiss a product simply on its What Hi-Fi? star rating, but this is a particularly pertinent point if you’re looking to add to something you already own. Certain products may not be flawless all-rounders, but they could well have the blend of talents you’re looking for.

So often in life, it’s the little things that can have the biggest influence, and that’s the case with system building.

Budget for any extras

How to build the perfect hi-fi system

Set aside funds for quality cables, speaker stands and AV racks – or you simply won’t get your money’s-worth out of your system. The golden rule, as always, is: never buy anything without having heard it first.

A good support lets your kit perform optimally. Turntables in particular are sensitive and respond well to a rigid, low-resonance platform, so steer clear of those wobbly floorboards or uneven bits of carpet.

And if you can use a dedicated mains outlet, that would be ideal – and avoid placing mains cables and signal cables too close to each other, as performance can suffer.

The best systems you can buy in 2022

So there you have it: a few tips and tricks to building the perfect hi-fi system. And to help you on your way and provide a few sparks of inspiration, we've put together a few systems over the years that we know work together.

We've covered various bases here: using different sources and system components, setting various budgets, selecting the best products of their time, and reflecting changing listening habits – along with some helpful alternatives.

Have a look to see what tickles your fancy, and start brainstorming your dream hi-fi system. We'll be adding more systems to this list as and when we've tested them.

Hi-fi system: Naim / Vertere / ProAc / Electrocompaniet

(Image credit: Future)

2022's best system suggestions:

Pick your own with our Buying Guides:

System suggestions based on older kit: