The What Hi-Fi? Awards 2016 takes place on Monday 17th October, and is our 33rd annual celebration of all the best consumer electronics products on the planet. But how did it all begin?

1983 was a good year. CD players went on sale for the first time, Michael Jackson's Thriller was the best-selling album in the UK, and Return of the Jedi was released in cinemas. It was also the year of the first What Hi-Fi? Awards. 

Our first ever round-up of the best products on the market was unveiled in the December 1983 issue of the magazine, with the inaugural Awards billed, somewhat confusingly, as the What Hi-Fi? Awards 1984. 

85p bought you a copy of the largely black and white magazine, 13 pages of which were dedicated to revealing 84 nominated products across 14 categories - 'Products of the Year', as they would later become known.

Ahead of next month's What Hi-Fi? Awards 2016, we take a look back at what was turning our heads in 1983...

MORE: What Hi-Fi? Awards 2016 - one month to go!

How it worked

Looking back at the first incarnation, it's reassuring to see the premise of the Awards has remained broadly the same. They're just a good deal bigger now.

There were 14 categories back in 1983, compared to 27 this year, reflecting the breadth of products we now cover. And instead of 14 Product of the Year winners, there will be more than 100 Best Buys announced this year, with every category featuring winners at a range of prices.

But the criteria on which the products were judged have remained consistent. As we said back in 1983: "The most important yardstick was overall value for money". That's as true now as it was then.

Performance, reliability and design were the three further key considerations we noted first time around, though even then we were aware of the limitations of testing a product's reliability based on a relatively short period of review time.

The winners in 1983 were chosen by four judges - selected from "our most longstanding reviewers" - under the careful eye of the editor, Matt Nicholson. Now of course our review team is entirely in-house, and the Award-winners are thrashed out among the What Hi-Fi? team based on the previous months' testing.

The categories

Back then, What Hi-Fi? was a dedicated hi-fi magazine, aimed at both audio enthusiasts and the mass-market buyer who simply wanted a new pair of speakers.

With the home cinema market in its infancy, our coverage of TVs and home cinema amplifiers was still some way off, let alone new product categories such as smartphones, tablets or streaming services.

The hi-fi market itself was a much more straightforward affair. There were no wireless speakers, no multi-room systems and, no doubt, far fewer pairs of headphones. 

The first ever Awards categories read as follows: amplifiers, tuners, cassette decks, turntables, speakers, cartridges, headphones, systems, personals, portables, CD players, cosmetic design, most innovative and judges' Award.

So, no AV or streaming products, fewer portable product categories, the addition of a specialist cartridge category, and a few categories based on innovation and design. What else was new?

Birth of the CD player

Coincidentally, 1983 was the year that CD players first went on sale in the UK: "A brand new technology", was the headline in the Awards category page.

As ever, there was a mixture of excitement and trepidation as we covered this new digital format. But even back then we had half an eye on the next-generation of digital storage.

"Compact discs are little shiny silver records that are going to replace black vinyl in the future," read the editorial. While this did of course largely happen, vinyl has had a greater lifespan than any of us imagined back in 1983.

As we celebrated the arrival of the CD, we also sounded a note of caution: "Compact disc can be viewed in two ways. On the one hand it is the only real technological breakthrough that the gramophone has seen for 50 years.

"On the other hand, it is a halfway measure between the record and a truly digital medium, the microchip memory, which will be feasible in five years time, if not sooner". Don't say we didn't see the digital music revolution coming (though five years proved a little optimistic).

And while we were enthusiastic about the sound quality of the best disc-spinners, we were wary of the high-price of the hardware and software, and worried about the general lack of content. It sounds all too familiar when compared with the situation we have had with technology such as 4K and hi-res audio...

MORE: The birth of the CD and the death of vinyl

More after the break

Cassette decks and turntables

Before the CD came along, your main sources of music were a cassette deck or a turntable, yet both categories proved controversial back in 1983.

It took a while for cassette decks to be taken seriously in hi-fi circles, with the purists refusing to believe they could be "true hi-fi". It was only when companies such as B&O, BASF and Dolby introduced new technical features to improve performance, and Japanese brands brought the necessary hardware, that they became a serious hi-fi consideration.

Aiwa, Akai, Denon, Hitachi, Nakamichi and Yamaha were the brands responsible for our favourite cassette players back in 1983. The £199 BX2 from Nakamichi - "the 'Rolls Royce' of cassette decks - took the top gong, thanks in no small part to a "comfortably large play/stop button". It's the little things.

Believe it or not, the turntables category was also considered "controversial" back in 1983. "Turntables were long regarded as rather unimportant items. As long as they went round at the right speed and didn't make too much noise about it they were quite adequate enough," our editorial noted. 

Linn was credited with changing this mindset and giving birth to a whole new hi-fi category - but a divided one. Belt-drive decks were on one side, direct-drive decks were on the other, and the merits of the two were debated over and over.

Brands such as Ariston, Dual, Dunlop and Little Oak featured, but the Rega Planar III got the nod in 1983. Back then, it was yours for the not inconsiderable sum of £188.

MORE: That Was Then... The first issue of What Hi-Fi?

Personals and portables

"Systems for convenience". How times have changed. The Sharp 990 Music Processor, one of the products nominated, incorporated two cassette decks, a mini synthesiser keyboard and "a multi-track recording studio". By today's standards, it really wasn't very convenient - or, for that matter, portable.

Still, these big boomboxes were not to be sniffed at, with products such as the Marantz Superscope doubling-up as a decent recording machine thanks to an in-built mic, while also being a capable music system.

"The 80s answer to the tranny" was how we billed our portables category - a reminder that portable music was already up and running in 1983 in the shape of the compact cassette player. 

Sony was credited with bringing the player to the mass market, and its WMR2 Walkman - a "Recording Walkman" no less - was one of our nominations. Aiwa, Akai, Rotel and Sanyo were the other brands making the best portable cassette players back then.

The winning Akai PM-R2 got particular props for its Dolby B noise reduction, radio module, carrying case and separate external speakers. All for £80.

A far cry from the hi-res portable music players on sale now, and indeed the smartphones which replaced them and hastened the demise of the iPod Classic.

Most innovative

A look back to the six-strong shortlist for the 'Most innovative' category gives a snapshot of what was getting our juices flowing back in 1983. 

The winning product was the B&O 9000 cassette deck. Well known for its innovation, Bang & Olufsen earned our praise for being the first manufacturer to feature Dolby HX-Pro. We noted that this technology promised to bring "the cassette medium further into the hi-fi world".

Elsewhere, we picked out the classic Quad ELS63 electrostatic speakers, the Rega R300 tone arm, one of the first single-piece construction tone arms, the EAR 509 valve amplifiers, "valve technology taken to the limits", and the Elite Townshend The Rock turntable, one of the first decks to use a floating-platter style design, seen since on plenty of other turntables.

What next?

While the product categories and the number of winners may change, the way we pick them and our reasons for doing so remain broadly the same now as they did over 30 years ago. 

As What Hi-Fi? editor Matt Nicholson said back in 1983: "Over the next year I think we will find that the hi-fi industry is changing faster than we know, and by the time the What Hi-Fi Awards 1985 come around, there will be a completely new set of products, surpassing even these, in the running."

That's truer now than it ever was. And it's why we will continue to highlight the best-value audio and video products on the market, no matter what shape that kit takes.

You can enjoy the latest example of this ethos when we reveal our 2016 award-winners on Monday 17th October...